Kindle Previewer can screw up images in table cells, making them way too large (educated guess: it's forcing auto width on the image and then "captures" the table at a very large viewport size).
Adding a zero-width-space seems enough to "fix" things.
Of course, no guarantees that it fixes the published version.
A Mastodon instance for maths people. The kind of people who make \(\pi z^2 \times a\) jokes.
\) for inline LaTeX, and
\] for display mode.